What are the Signs of Auditory Processing Disorder (APD)?
A person with Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) will experience some or all of the following signs.
• Needs to (or should) ask many extra questions to clarify a task before starting; "doesn't get the picture."
• Has trouble paying attention to and remembering information presented ORALLY; a person with APD copes better and remembers VISUALLY acquired information.
• Appears to have poor listening skills, and needs people to speak slowly.
• Needs more time than reasonable to process information.
• Intermittently "doesn't get it" despite obvious contextual meaning of conversation and inferences from information presented ORALLY.
• Has difficulty or problems carrying out multi-step directions given ORALLY; needs to hear only one direction at a time.
• Sometimes forgetful of information previously memorized like household chores and responsibilities, despite frequent reminders.
• Lack of music appreciation and/or does not understand songs (either the words themselves or the meaning of the lyrics).
• Difficulty following conversation on the telephone.
• Sensitive to loud noises (like a blaring TV).
• Social issues—difficulty "reading" others/pragmatic communication issues.
• Prefers written communication (ie: texting, email).
• Speaks or writes "telegraphically" — omits facts or switches topic, so that audience cannot follow train of thought.
• Interprets words too literally, becoming confused or suffering hurt feelings.
• Insensitive to tone of voice; may misjudge speaker's mood or be unintentionally tactless.
• May have trouble paying attention and remembering information when information is simultaneously presented in busy or noisy surroundings. • Develops a dislike for locations or social situations with background noise.
• Often seems to "ignore" people, especially if engrossed in something else.
• Poor "communicator." ie: fails to explain, apologize, negotiate, defend.
• Problems with cause-and-effect reasoning; difficulty surmising the unspoken rules of conversation, play, and other situations.
Keep in mind there are also 4 separate, distinct subtypes of Auditory Processing Disorder depending upon where along the way to the brain the "signals" get distorted or lost.
- "Tolerance/Fading Memory" subtype
- "Decoding" subtype
- "Integration" subtypes
- "Prosodic" subtype (often seen with NLD or non-verbal learning disability)
Click here for more information on the 4 subtypes of Auditory Processing Disorder (APD).